LifeEnvironmentalist
Guru Jambheshwar [b. 1451 in a remote Rajasthani village Pipasar] also known as Jambhoji, was the founder of the Bishnoi Religion. He preached to worship God Almighty and stopped the worship of any thing that has taken birth and which can be seen around [Idols, Planets, Nature etc.]. He gave the message that God is a divine power that is everywhere. He also taught to protect Plants and Animals as they are important in order to peacefully coexist with nature.At a age of 34, Jambho ji founded Bishnoi religion. His teachings were in poetic form,known as Shabadwani. Although, he preached for next 51 years, travelling across the country, only 120 Shabads i.e. verses of Shabadwani, are available at present. Even these 120 shabads are a source of great wisdom and are sufficent for an individual to understand and follow his path.Bishnoi samaj, as mention earlier revolves around 29 commandments.Out of these 29 commandments, 8 prescribe to preserve bio diversity and encourage good animal husbandry.7 Commandments provide directions for healthy social behaviour. 10 commandments are directed towrds personal hygiene and maintaining basic good health. Rest 4 commandments provide guidelines for worshipping God daily.Bishnoi community observes socio-religious gatherings known as Melas twice a year at Mukam where Guru ji’s mortal frame was consigned to earth in 1536 A.D.In a nutshell, Jambho ji was a great visionary, who had forseen the consequences of man’s actions destroying nature for economic development. He saw the need for environmental protection and weaved his principals into religious commandments so that people can internalise those principals easily.